Approaching Congo’s Mineral Rich Giant

What will it take to convince a Province that is larger than California – almost as large as Texas – and that has oil under its largest lake, gold in its eastern hills, diamonds in its northern rivers, iron under its forests and ivory still roaming around on four legs – that it is a priority to put effort into saving a corner of forest because of  “exceptional” animals.

Administrative map of DRCongo
DRCongo’s largest Province is Orientale in the northeast. Lake Albert, its largest lake, lies on the border with Uganda. Maniema is the blue-green Province to the south.

What if 70% of that Province’s population lives on less than a dollar a day.

What if these Provincial distractions are further complicated by the fact that the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is smashing, murdering and enslaving whole villages in the north, the undisciplined national army is responsible for elephant slaughter in the Province’s already existing national parks¹, Uganda is trying to get more than its share of the oil under the border lake, and national government agents are trying to grab up priority for informal taxation from the informal mining sector.

map of the proposed park and reserve
Map of proposed protected area showing the giant’s capital, Kisangani, at the bend in the river.

Alas, what if the British advise their tourists to avoid the Province because The Plague is still endemic there. It is the province where Ebola virus was first recognised (along with bordering southern Sudan). And one reputable theory is that AIDS had its origin right in the capital of this very province (yes, Kisangani, at the bend in the River, see map above).

What if some of the top people in that provincial government really are not fond of conservationists at all because they are looking too closely at who owns and operates the “artisanal” logging concessions that are blooming all along the forest border and spreading rapidly into its interior.

This complicated context made us hesitant to  push our conservation efforts downriver from the relatively small province of Maniema (between the size of Mississippi and Louisiana), even though more than half of what we hope will become the Lomami National Park lies to the North.  If the park is to become reality, Orientale Province has to concede its south-western corner  (map above).

We approached Orientale’s Provincial Minister of the Environment. We took him out to dinner and he chided us for having delayed so long in coming north. “Why is little Maniema ahead of the great Orientale”.  A good beginning.

Evening before atelier at Palm Beach
The minister is center, in white shirt. Willy, TL2’s admin/finance director on my other side. Maurice, one of the field leaders squatting in front of me and Robert, from the local NGO SOS-Nature squatting in red-check shirt.

Our national sponsor, ICCN (Congolese Nature Conservation Service), assigned a very competent fellow to become the provincial director – a giant in his own right.   Good support.

Talking with Paulin Tshikaya, bureau chief for ICCN in Kisangani
I am on the higher step and still looking up. Paulin comes to this post from experience in two other parks of Oriental Province.

We planned a workshop in Orientale’s Provincial Capital at the bend in the Congo/Lualaba River (see map). We would explain how the forest along the Lomami is so important for Bonobo, the great ape found only on Congo River’s left bank. We would show pictures of the new species of monkey just discovered in these forests, and of the endemic Okapi and Congolese Peacock.

The workshop went well. Although, at the very last minute the Governor and the Minister of the Environment were called off to Lake Albert to argue over oil. And the top General of the 9th military region – the one we think could put an end to military poaching of elephants – sent his second in command. But it was a success.

Participants at the workshop
Last minutes of preparation. Most the audience is seated.

the second Commander of the 7th military region
The second commander of Orientale’s Congolese military, FARDC, studies the brochure before the presentations.

There were local authorities from the forest “groupements”. There were top representatives from the University, from the provincial assembly, and even from the Police and the “Information Bureau” (equivalent of FBI)

Les deux chefs de groupement de Territoire Ubundu
Two chiefs from the Ubundu Territory of Orientale Province.

We had to call for more soft drinks. And at lunch we almost ran out of food.

An influential national Senator native to the area said the park was great, BUT he wanted to see investment in alternative livelihoods (alternative to commercial bushmeat hunting). A challenge we have to try to meet!

Expose prof LABAMA
Senator Labama’s dry humor much appreciated by Willy — and all of us.

At the end, the media crowded round for the list of recommendations read by a local chief. The light is green. Continue to push for the park but continue to look into ways to help the surrounding population.

Chef Kalibunji, the district representative of traditional chiefs,
Chief Kalibunji reads the final recommendations.

We were exhausted after our first encounter with the giant. But ready for the next steps.

¹ More about elephant slaughter in the parks — unpublished, but in upcoming post.


  1. colleen
    Posted 2010-10-21 at 7:56 pm | Permalink

    Quite a challenge ahead – but congratulations on your last victory. Just to address the ending now – alternative livelihoods – two things; 1. there is a website I just learned about that gives loans to small businesses all over the world – worth checking out – – where perhaps you could offer assistance and advise for applying and 2. I just read that DRC is now allowed to trade with the fair trade standards in coffee – do you know anything about the production of coffee in your area – ??specifically, is it a win-win situation for the people and animals? Thanks again for all your news, information and thoughts…

  2. Posted 2010-10-22 at 7:56 am | Permalink


    Congrats on achievements so far. It is consoling to know there are people fighting to preserve natural forest and wild species in the Congo.

    Please get in touch with me and we can look toward possibly running this story (and maybe others) in Africa Geographic’s print and digital mediums.

  3. cleve hicks
    Posted 2010-10-27 at 5:14 pm | Permalink

    Congratulations on a great start! Now if we can make similar progress on the north side of the mighty river …

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