Bonobo Meat at Kindu Market Rate

Bafundo hunter and bonobo
The hunter, the bonobo, and the shotgun that killed her.

We thought we were making progress in 2009. Every village had poster pictures of bonobos and other completely protected species. “Not to shoot!” Certainly the killing would go down.

Hunter puts his bonobo bushmeat in the flames
Hunter from Tshombe Kilima puts bonobo carcass on the fire.

More progress in 2012: a hunter in Tshombe Kilima voluntarily came forward with the bonobo he killed. We had spoken with the village chief. “An animal never to shoot.” The hunter brought the dead bonobo and we burned it openly. The village witnessed.

Chiefs watch bonobo bushmeat burn
Village watches the burning bonobo outside the project TL2 compound in Tshombe Kilima.

But just a few months later, walking from Tshombe Kilima towards the Park we met hunters. The bushmeat they were packing out was completely enclosed in a white fake-burlap bag.

hunter with meat
This hunter’s bushmeat is completely enclosed in a bag.

Usually meat is exposed; there is less rot that way. Not so with completely protected species. If it is a carcass a hunter should not have, specifically bonobo, better to hide it. We were walking without a park guard. We could not ask them to open their pack – no authority.

hunters packing out meat
This hunter is carrying their meat in the usual way.
(note: outside the park hunting is legal BUT hunting bonobo is illegal everywhere.)

There are only 6 park guards for 8,870 km2 of park and the TL2 project is not their boss. Generally the guards accompany our patrols, but sometimes one or more will disappear for weeks at a time at the order of their chief. We do not even know where they have gone.

omo and guard
Omo, TL2 staff, on patrol with a park guard. Poachers are sitting on the left.

The following year, 2013, again in Tshombe Kilima our team leader, Kinois Kitoko, came back from patrolling the park with a dead bonobo and the shotgun. The hunter ran off, there was no guard, no ability to pursue him.

Kinois with shotgun
Kinois Kitoko, TL2 staff, with confiscated shotgun.

Tshombe Kilima is at the end of the road, close to the park. Hunters come from far away to enter the forest there.

where bonobo meat comes from
Tshombe Kilima and Bafundo are both at the end of roads leading towards the park.

Bafundo is another village at the end of a road, close to the park. Hunters of many ethnicities come to Bafundo to hunt around and in the park. In the last three months two bonobo hunters have escaped from our teams when they were patrolling without guards. We got the bonobo carcass and in one case their shotgun, but there was no punishment.

hunter with killl in garden
Hunter holding up parts of butchered bonobo. He fled that night.

So we have NOT stopped bonobo hunting along the Lomami. Time to add a second method to patrols.

What if there was no Market? Kindu is the only market for the southern TL2? What if real punishment at the end of the supply chain closed the bonobo market?

In Congo-Brazzaville there is a group called PALF that investigates wildlife crime and works with local law enforcement. One of our funders  asked if there was someone we wanted to send to PALF for training. Leon Salumu went and spent 6 weeks.

LEON at take-off
Leon always seems to follow events at several levels — ideal for investigative work.

Leon came back at the end of November; at the same time one of PALF’s supporters agreed to help us build our own law-enforcement initiative.   Already there is change. Leon started by canvassing all 8 Kindu bushmeat markets.

selling small bits of bonobo
The pieces of bonobo meat this woman is selling at the Alunguli market, she bought at the Makengele market.

Here is what Leon has found out:
In December and January, Bonobo was sold openly in all three communes of Kindu.
The price of an entire smoked bonobo varied between $15 and $70 depending on the size of the carcass. All 8 markets had bonobo meat at least once a week. But only a couple were big turnover markets for Bonobo.

bonobo meat in Makengele market
A stash of Bonobo meat under the stall at the Makengele market.

An important first market is Makengele where bushmeat comes in by bicycle and motorbike from the Olangate road (direction of park).

bonobo meat in kindu market
Bonobo as you buy it at the market.

The women who sell bonobo do not have a particular clientele. Some say it is a high quality meat, on the level of leopard or elephant meat. Others say it is just bushmeat with a special attraction for pregnant women. If they eat bonobo many believe it will make their children tougher and able to hold their ground in front of bullies.

arrested with the bonobo she was selling
Bonobo seller arrested in one of Leon’s operations.

Here is what Leon did with the help of the secret service and the national police:
Five arrests were made and as a result, since February, bonobo meat has nearly disappeared from the markets. His informants keep a constant vigil. Two of the arrests are being pursued at a high level of justice.
This is the challenge: Will these arrests lead us to  higher – protected  people who support the bonobo hunters?
This is another challenge:  Leon must educate and motivate the lawyers and judges. Laws concerning fauna are not known and not taken seriously; not very long ago a politician passed out elephant meat among authorities to strengthen his position. Now those same authorities should arrest that politician? Leon is positive that attitudes will change.

palais de justice Kindu
Leon will spend a lot of time here, at the courthouse in Kindu, during the upcoming months.

Plants are Last — in the Forests of the Ituri and the Lomami.

Asani marking tree in botqnical plots
ASANI, on right, marking a tree for measurement above the buttresses on our Ituri plots, circa 1990.

We had been in the Ituri Forest for ten years. First we put radio collars on okapi, then on forest antelope. We did forest-wide large mammal inventories, and a study of leopard. It was somewhere after all of that mammal work, that we decided we could do plants. Plants always come last.

Read More »

Four-Legged Curiosity and Another Camera Trap Thief

curious young lesula
Is this Lesula curious?

After all, the camera trap is a novelty, although it strives to be too cryptic to notice.

Read More »

Inoko and the Camera Trap Thief

“There’s a new species of monkey at Bafundo” (Henri Silegowa)
“I doubt it!” (John Hart)
“Show me the photos. Where is the skin?” (still John)
“The hunter refused to give up the skin, but,” Henri explained, “There are photos, still in the camera at Bafundo.”

Inoko female_hunter kill
One of the photos on the Bafundo camera. It was a female.

The next morning John and Henri left Kindu for Bafundo camp and that same evening John agreed it was indeed something new. Our second mystery primate.

Read More »